The impact of personality traits, motivation, and emotions on creativity has been the subject of much research in the field of psychology. Creativity involves the generation of novel and valuable ideas, and is an essential component of human cognition that enables us to adapt to changing environments and solve complex problems. In this article, we will review the latest research on the impact of personality traits, motivation, and emotions on creativity, with a focus on studies that have been published in psychology journals by psychologists.
Personality traits have been found to be related to creativity in a number of ways. For example, research has shown that people who score high in openness to experience, a trait that reflects curiosity, open-mindedness, and a willingness to explore new ideas, tend to be more creative (Feist, 1998). Another study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology found that people who score high in conscientiousness, a trait that reflects diligence, organization, and self-discipline, tend to be less creative (Hennessey & Amabile, 2010).
Motivation is another important factor that has been found to impact creativity. Research has shown that intrinsic motivation, which refers to the desire to engage in an activity for its own sake, is positively related to creativity (Amabile, 1983). Conversely, extrinsic motivation, which refers to the desire to engage in an activity for external rewards or to avoid punishment, has been found to be negatively related to creativity (Deci & Ryan, 1985).
Emotions also play a role in creativity. Research has shown that positive emotions, such as joy, excitement, and interest, are conducive to creativity, while negative emotions, such as fear, anger, and sadness, tend to inhibit creativity (Isen & Daubman, 1984). Additionally, research has found that a state of flow, which refers to a state of deep concentration and enjoyment in an activity, is associated with increased creativity (Csikszentmihalyi, 1990).
In conclusion, personality traits, motivation, and emotions all play a role in creativity. Further research is needed to better understand the specific mechanisms through which these factors impact creativity and how they can be manipulated to enhance creative thinking and problem solving.
- Amabile, T. M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity. Springer.
- Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. Harper & Row.
- Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. Plenum Press.
- Feist, G. J. (1998). A meta-analysis of personality in scientific and artistic creativity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2(4), 290-309.
- Hennessey, B. A., & Amabile, T. M. (2010). Creativity. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 569-598.
- Isen, A. M., & Daubman, K. A. (1984). The influence of affect on categorization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47(6), 1206-1217.